Incredible India Series - All Geographical Indications (GIs) from Telangana

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“Invaluable treasures of incredible India” – the official tagline for all the Geographical Indications (GI) of India, exactly manifests in an allegorical way, the rich diversity and invaluable heritage of this incredible land !

Governed by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 a Geographical Indication (GI) is a sign associating a product of a specific geographical origin, by virtue of which it possesses unique attributes and qualities which are distinctly inherent to that particular product.

Geographical Indications (GIs) are considered as elements of IPRs with respect to Articles 1 (2) and 10 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. Further, Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement explicitly describe the nature, scope and ambit of the Geographical Indications to be adopted by the member states. India has adopted a sui generis system for the protection of geographical indications. As of 2021, a total of 417 products have been registered as GIs in India. Below is a review on all the registered GIs in the state of Telangana.

Pochampally Ikat

Fig. Pochampally Ikat - Women from cabin crew of Air India wear specially designed Pochampally silk sarees

Application Number :- 4

Applicant Name :- Pochampally Handloom Weavers Co-op Society Ltd.,

Date of Filing :- 15/12/2003

Class :- 24, 25 & 27

Goods :- Handicraft

The Pochampally Ikat is a saree made in Bhoodan Pochampally in the state of Telangana. The intricate geometric designs find their way into sarees and dress materials. It has its own unique character of design, different from other Ikat producing areas in India. Today, most of the weaving takes place in Pochampally village where there are over five thousand looms producing this textile. It has found place in UNESCO tentative list of world heritage sites as part of “iconic saree weaving clusters of India”.The kerchiefs made of silk thread have earned international fame as “Teli Rumals”.

Silver Filigree of Karimnagar

Fig. Silver Filigree of Karimnagar - a rare form of craft and artistic exuberance

Application Number :- 53

Applicant Name :- Karimnagar Silver Filigree Handicrafts Mutually Aided Co-Operative Welfare Society Limited

Date of Filing :- 28/04/2006

Class :- 6, 8, 14, 18, 20, 26 & 28

Goods :- Handicraft

The art form of Silver Filigree of Karimnagar was patronised during the rule of the Nizams of Hyderabad, and noblemen commissioned elaborate pieces. These are displayed in the Salar Jung Museum. The art form is associated with many articles such as spoons, cigarette cases, buttons boxes, ashtrays, jewelry, buttons pill boxes, paandans and also perfume containers. They create special designs involving Peacock, parrots and fish which are clearly depicted in the perfume containers. The artisans of Karimnagar display fine mastery wherein they twist the delicate silver wire into delicate loops. These are knitted in a form of zigzag pattern which results in an intricate lace like appearance.

Nirmal Toys and Crafts

Fig. Nirmal Toys and Crafts - actual origin dated back to the Kakatiya era

Application Number :- 91

Applicant Name :- Nirmal Toys & Arts Industrial Co-operative Society Ltd

Date of Filing :- 16/04/2007

Class :- 28

Goods :- Handicraft

The Nirmal Toys are traditional Indian wooden toys made in the town of Nirmal in the Adilabad district in the state of Telangana. Since they also make use of the duco colours, the Nirmal paintings are known for a typical shine. The Nirmal toys are even painted in enamel colours, which bring a unique identity to them. The novel talent of the Nirmal artists especially in synthesizing the Indian and Moghul schools of art is admired very much.

Nirmal Furniture

Fig. Nirmal Furniture - an all-time favorite for customers looking for artistically made furniture sets to grace the living spaces

Application Number :- 105

Applicant Name :- Andhra Pradesh Handicrafts Development Corporation Limited,

Date of Filing :- 01/08/2007

Class :- 20

Goods :- Handicraft

The Nirmal Furniture represents a unique form of hand-made wooden furniture, painted beautifully before being offered to the customers. The artisans of the region combine artistry in painting with great skills in woodcraft and they produce a variety of household and also office furnishings that lend aesthetic appeal to the surroundings. These include decorative Rajasthani and French style soft-sets, partition screens, rocking chairs, chowkis, pen holders, wooden platforms, Pooja mandapams, trollies etc.

Nirmal Paintings

Fig. Nirmal Paintings - as it ages, it acquires a special muted glow considered impeccable

Application Number :- 106

Applicant Name :- Andhra Pradesh Handicrafts Development Corporation Limited,

Date of Filing :- 01/08/2007

Class :- 16 & 20

Goods :- Handicraft

The Nirmal Paintings depict the traditional art scenes related to the Hindu epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata. These paintings were influenced by the Indian Schools of Art like Kangra, Ajanta as well as Mughal miniatures. The colors used in Nirmal paintings are mostly the familiar gold color. The paintings make use of organic colors produced naturally from the extracts of herbs, vegetable dye, gum, and minerals etc. The paintings depict scenes ranging from the grace of a dancer or a musician’s rhythm to birds, panoramic nature settings, and they fully captivate the attention of the viewer.

Gadwal Sarees

Fig. Gadwal Sarees - the saree can be packed in a matchbox

Application Number :- 137

Applicant Name :- The Rajoli Handloom Weavers Cooperative Productions Sales Society Ltd

Date of Filing :- 22/09/2008

Class :- 24

Goods :- Handicraft

The Gadwal Sari is a handcrafted woven sari style in Gadwal of Jogulamba Gadwal district in Telangana. Its speciality is the zari for the saris. The sari consists of a cotton body with silk pallu which is also given a new name as Sico sarees. The Brahmotsavas of Tirupati begin with the deity’s idol being adorned with Gadwal Saree.

Hyderabad Haleem

Fig. Hyderabad Haleem - regarded as an international delicacy

Application Number :- 193

Applicant Name :- Haleem Makers Association

Date of Filing :- 18/12/2009

Class :- 29

Goods :- Food Stuff

The Hyderabad Haleem is a unique meat product prepared and relished in the Hyderabad region for centuries during Ramzan period. It is a stew composed of meat, lentils and pounded wheat made into a thick paste. It is a high calorie dish which gives instant energy as it contains slow-digesting and fast-burning ingredients. It also contains dry fruits rich in anti-oxidants. Due to its unique taste and variety it is gaining acceptability in different states of India and also in different countries especially in Islamic gulf countries.

Cheriyal Paintings

Fig. Cheriyal Paintings - represent a distinct local invention, based mainly on local traditions

Application Number :- 190

Applicant Name :- Cheriyal Nakashi Chitrakala Trust

Date of Filing :- 20/11/2009

Class :- 16

Goods :- Handicraft

The Cheriyal Paintings is a popular and modified version of Nakashi art, considered highly rich in the local motifs. This art form is unique to the state of Telangana and made mostly in Hyderabad currently. These scrolls are painted in narrative format similar to a film roll or even comic strips, and depict stories from the Indian mythology as well as the shorter stories related to the Puranas and Epics. Scroll paintings are known for their rich history and they also assume a significant role among Asia’s artistic traditions. The traditional scrolls are mostly of vertical format and illustrate the stories through a series of horizontal panels. Here, there is a floral border in the middle separating the two panels, and the linear narrative is shown, being held with both hands or suspended from a tree. It is further rolled continually.

Pembarthi Metal Craft

Fig. Pembarthi Metal Craft - represent a distinct local invention, based mainly on local traditions

Application Number :- 194

Applicant Name :- The Vishwakarma Brass, Copper & Silver Industrial Co-operative Society Limited

Date of Filing :- 22/12/2009

Class :- 6 & 21

Goods :- Handicraft

The Pembarthi Metal Craft is a popular metal handicraft made in Pembarthi of Warangal district, Telangana, which is widely known for the exquisite sheet metal art works. The intricate sheet metal brass engravings and artefacts made here can be traced back to more than 800 years. Individual items such as betel nut cases or paandaans, perfume containers or Ittar pots, hanging metal Chandeliers or Jhummars, vases, special plaques and mementos are decorated using the craft.

Siddipet Gollabama

Fig. Siddipet Gollabama - characterized with motifs of milkmaid with a milk pot on her head and one pot on her hand

Application Number :- 188

Applicant Name :- Handloom Weavers Cooperative Society Limited

Date of Filing :- 05/11/2009

Class :- 24 & 25

Goods :- Handicraft

The Siddipet Gollabama sarees are originally made of cotton with 60-80s yarn both in warp and weft with extra weft design in the border, body and pallu. Nowadays, cotton sarees and silk sarees are woven with 2/120s mercerized cotton and 20/22 D silk respectively. It is characterized with a gollabama motif (milk maid with a milk pot on her head and one pot on her hand), in the border/body/pallu of the sarees. Gollabamabuti motifs are woven in a straight line across the width of the saree. Motifs are woven with the use extra weft cotton yarns, no zari is applied.

Narayanpet Handloom Sarees

Fig. Narayanpet Handloom Sarees - said to be a creation encouraged and patronized by the great Maratha ruler Chatrapatti Shivaji Maharaj

Application Number :- 214

Applicant Name :- Narayanpet Silk & Cotton Handloom Sarees Apex Society

Date of Filing :- 02/08/2010

Class :- 25

Goods :- Handicraft

The Narayanpet Handloom Sarees are fine handloom pattu silk sarees from Narayanpet town in Mahbubnagar District of Telangana. Known for their characteristic brilliance, Narayanpet silk sarees are fabrics of weaving finesse that have acquired a niche for themselves as well-woven traditional handloom sarees with a judicious use of striking colors. Recognized by the typical zari check patterns on a silk background with a contrasting color temple border and plain border on both sides in many of its offerings, the Narayanpet saree is said to be a creation encouraged and patronized by the Maratha ruler Chatrapatti Shivaji Maharaj. Being a temple town, a saree offering is made to the Goddess and wearing a Narayanpet saree is considered highly auspicious by the local inhabitants.

Banaganapalle Mangoes

Fig. Banaganapalle Mangoes - a rich source of vitamin A & C

Application Number :- 241

Applicant Name :- Horiculture Development Agency

Date of Filing :- 07/09/2011

Class :- 31

Goods :- Horticultural Products

The Banaganapalle Mangoes also known as Benishan, is a mango variety produced in Banganapalle of Kurnool district in Telangana. It alone occupies 70% percent of total mango cultivable area of the state and was first introduced by the Farmers of Banaganapalli. It is also grown in the other parts of India and Pakistan. The fruit is described as obliquely oval in shape, around 20cm in length, with yellow flesh and a thin, smooth yellow skin.

Adilabad Dokra

Fig. Adilabad Dokra - known for it’s elegant and exuberant art

Application Number :- 521

Applicant Name :- Andhra Pradesh Handicrafts Development Corporation Limited,

Date of Filing :- 06/03/2015

Class :- 6

Goods :- Handicraft

The Adilabad Dokra is an ancient bell metal craft practised by the Ojha metal-smiths of Telangana, West Bengal, Chattisgarh, Odisha and Jharkhand. However, the workmanship and style of the artisan community are different in each of the states. In Telangana, the Ojha artisans are also known as Wojaris or Ojjis who create brass metal art objects using the tedious but perfect lost wax technique while casting the metal. Idols of local deities, statues, bells, dancing figures, jewels, figures of animals and birds are made by the craftsmen using this technique. An ancient technique called “cire perdue” is used for Adilabad Dhokra.

Warangal Durries

Fig. Warangal Durries - Germany, the United Kingdom, some African and European countries have a huge market for them

Application Number :- 523

Applicant Name :- Andhra Pradesh Handicrafts Development Corporation Limited,

Date of Filing :- 06/03/2015

Class :- 27

Goods :- Handicraft

The Warangal Durries is popular for its high degree of craftsmanship involved in the creation of the thick rugs which are now famous across the world. It has been produced for the past several decades in the state of Telangana with the geographical advantage of finding cotton in abundance. It is a famous traditional thick rug, made out of cotton. Beautiful patterns are created on the rug by the weavers. They are later dyed with vegetable dyes and are washed in flowing water once the designs are printed. It is a source of employment for women as females are actively involved in the durry making process.

Telia Rumal

Fig. Telia Rumal - was popularly by nobles of the Nizam dynasty in Hyderabad

Application Number :- 599

Applicant Name :- The Consortium of Puttapaka Handloom Cluster -IHDS

Date of Filing :- 15/12/2017

Class :- 24

Goods :- Textiles

The Telia Rumal cloth involves intricate handmade work with a cotton loom displaying a variety of designs and motifs in three particular lours — red, black and white. It is an art of Ikat tradition using natural vegetable dyes. Telia Rumal can only be created using the traditional handloom process and not by any other mechanical means as otherwise, the very quality of the Rumal would be lost. The fabric was exported to Persian Gulf, Middle East, Aden, East Africa, Singapore and Burma.