Q.1 What is Intellectual Property?
Ans. Intellectual Property is creation of mind such as inventions,
designs for industrial articles, literary, artistic work, symbols which are ultimately used in commerce.
Q.2 What are Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)?
Ans. IPR are rights given to the inventor to protect his patents, copyright, trademark, industrial designs, geographical indications, layout design of integrated circuits, undisclosed information (trade secrets) and new plant varieties.
Q.3 Which legislations covers IPRs in India?
Ans: Following legislation covers different types of IPRs of India:
- Patents: The Patents Act, 1970
- Design: The Designs Act, 2000
- Trade Mark: The Trade Marks Act, 1999
- Copyright: The Copyright Act, 1957
- Layout Design of Integrated Circuits: The Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout Design Act, 2000
- Protection of Undisclosed Information: No exclusive legislation exists but the matter would be generally covered under the Contract Act, 1872
- Geographical Indications: The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999
- Plant Varieties: The Protection of Plant Variety and Farmers’ Rights Act, 2001
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