Incredible India Series - All Geographical Indications (GIs) from Rajasthan

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“Invaluable treasures of incredible India” – the official tagline for all the Geographical Indications (GI) of India, exactly manifests in an allegorical way, the rich diversity and invaluable heritage of this incredible land !

Governed by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 a Geographical Indication (GI) is a sign associating a product of a specific geographical origin, by virtue of which it possesses unique attributes and qualities which are distinctly inherent to that particular product.

Geographical Indications (GIs) are considered as elements of IPRs with respect to Articles 1 (2) and 10 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. Further, Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement explicitly describe the nature, scope and ambit of the Geographical Indications to be adopted by the member states. India has adopted a sui generis system for the protection of geographical indications. As of 2021, a total of 417 products have been registered as GIs in India. Below is a review on all the registered GIs in the state of Rajasthan.

Kota Doria

Fig. Kota Doria - considered to be lightest cotton sarees in India

Application Number :- 12

Applicant Name :- Kota Doria Development Hadauti Foundation (KDHF)

Date of Filing :- 22/07/2004

Class :- 24 & 25

Goods :- Handicraft

The Kota Doria or Kota Doriya is the name of a light woven fabric made of tiny woven squares (khat) which is still handwoven on traditional pit looms in Kaithoon near Kota in Rajasthan and in some of the surrounding villages. Kota Doriya Sarees are made of pure cotton and silk and have square-like patterns known as khats on them. The chequered weave of a Kota sari is very popular. They are very fine weaves and weigh very little.

Blue Pottery of Jaipur

Fig. Blue Pottery of Jaipur - a result of the craftsmen's incredible creative expression and talent

Application Number :- 66

Applicant Name :- Development Commissioner (Handicrafts)

Date of Filing :- 14/08/2006

Class :- 21

Goods :- Handicraft

The Blue Pottery of Jaipur is widely recognized as a traditional craft of Jaipur, though it is Turko-Persian in origin. The name ‘blue pottery’ comes from the eye-catching blue dye used to color the pottery. It is made out of a similar frit material to Egyptian faience, is glazed and low-fired. No clay is used as the ‘dough’ for the pottery is prepared by mixing quartz stone powder, powdered glass, Multani Mitti (Fuller’s Earth), borax, gum and water. Some of this pottery is semi-transparent and mostly decorated with animal and bird motifs. Being fired at a very low temperature makes them fragile. The range of items is primarily decorative, such as ashtrays, vases, coasters, small bowls and boxes for trinkets.

Molela Clay Work

Fig. Molela Clay Work - popular for the distinct terracotta plaques unique to this art

Application Number :- 67

Applicant Name :- Development Commissioner (Handicrafts)

Date of Filing :- 31/08/2006

Class :- 21

Goods :- Handicraft

The Molela Clay Work is a characteristic handicraft of the small sun-soaked village of Molela, located approximately fifteen to twenty kilometers from the city of Udaipur in Rajasthan. Molela is home to a vibrant community of terracotta clay artists. It has emerged as a focal point in the art of making attractive votive plaques or idols of gods, with terracotta. Like most crafts, the traditional art form has been passed from generation to generation through the sons of the family, evolving with each generation.

Kathputlis of Rajasthan

Fig. Kathputlis of Rajasthan - supported by shrill voices produced by the lead puppeteer spoken through a bamboo reed

Application Number :- 68

Applicant Name :- Development Commissioner (Handicrafts)

Date of Filing :- 31/08/2006

Class :- 28

Goods :- Handicraft

The Kathputlis of Rajasthan are the charming wooden puppets used by locals in a miniature theatre performance across Rajasthan. The origin of the Kathputlis is uncertain, but they are said to be nearly a millennium old. Some state that the Bhat community of tribals in Rajasthan were the inventors, but regardless of who invented it the art spread across the state like fire. Today nearly every performance in Rajasthan makes use of the Kathputlis.

Sanganeri Hand Block Print

Fig. Sanganeri Hand Block Print - with a rich history of over 500 years

Application Number :- 147

Applicant Name :- Calico Printers Cooperative Society Ltd

Date of Filing :- 02/12/2008

Class :- 24 & 25

Goods :- Handicraft

The Sanganeri Hand Block Prints exhibits sophistication adorning with delicate floral motifs. The craft, which was once patronized by the then rulers of Amer and Jaipur has become one of the finest creations in current days. It is practiced by the Chippa community, who transfer well designed lyrical motifs creating dupattas, dress materials, soft furnishing, upholstery, quilts and much more. The Sun Bleaching Process of Using Cow Dung & Water Is Unique to Sanganeri Hand Block Printing.

Bikaneri Bhujia

Fig. Bikaneri Bhujia - the first batch of bhujia was produced in the princely state of Bikaner in 1877 during the reign of Maharaja Shri Dungar Singh

Application Number :- 142

Applicant Name :- Bikaner Bhujia Udhyog Sangh

Date of Filing :- 28/10/2008

Class :- 30

Goods :- Foodstuff

The Bikaneri Bhujia is a popular crispy snack prepared by using moth beans and besan (gram flour) and spices, originating from Bikaner, a city in the western state of Rajasthan. It is Light yellow in colour and has become not just a characteristic product of Bikaner, but also a generic name. Bikaneri bhujia has been a cottage industry in Bikaner, Rajasthan, and provides employment to around 2.5 million people in villages of the region, especially women. A dough of moth dal besan and spices including chana dal, powdered cellulose (fiber), salt, red chilli, black pepper, cardamom, cloves, groundnut oil, etc. is formed into the snack by pressing it through a sieve and deep frying in vegetable oil.


Fig. Phulkari - balanced to geometrical & floral patterns, aesthetics & harmonious color composition

Application Number :- 27

Applicant Name :- Punjab Small Industries & Export Corporation Ltd.

Date of Filing :- 14/03/2005

Class :- 26

Goods :- Embroidery

The Phulkari is the folk embroidery of the states of Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana. Although Phulkari means floral work, the designs include not only flowers but also cover motifs and geometrical shapes. The main characteristics of Phulkari embroidery are use of darn stitch on the wrong side of coarse cotton cloth with coloured silken thread. The traditional varieties of Phulkaris are large items of cloth and include Chope, Tilpatr, Neelak and Bagh.

Bagru Hand Block Print

Fig. Bagru Hand Block Print - the Chhipa community is known for practicing this artisanal skill for over 350 years

Application Number :- 183

Applicant Name :- Bagru Haath Thappa Chhapai Dastkar Sanrakshan Avvam Vikas Samiti (BHTCDSAVS)

Date of Filing :- 10/08/2009

Class :- 24 & 25

Goods :- Handicraft

The Bagru Hand Block Print is one of the traditional techniques of printing with natural colour followed by the chippas of a remote place of Rajasthan. The art is printed on textile products in Rajasthan and is popular for its uniqueness and distinct identity. Bagru is the place of the Raiger and Chhipa community. In this process of dyeing, a plain bright fabric is tinted yellow using Harda powder first. The base color of the fabric is usually shades of white, cream, and beige. Then, natural colors such as red, and black are used for printing using carved wooden blocks. More the blocks used, more detailed are the designs.

Thewa Art Work

Fig. Thewa Art Work - its origin dates back to the rajput era

Application Number :- 244

Applicant Name :- Rajasthan Thawa Kala Sansthan

Date of Filing :- 17/10/2011

Class :- 14

Goods :- Handicraft

The Thewa Art Work is a 16th-century traditional Artwork of fusing 23KT hand-carved gold onto the colored glass surface without using any glue or pasting materials. A secret technique of heating and cooling is used for fusing Gold onto the Glass surface which is known only to the male artisans belonging to the Raj Soni clan. The Craft reflects the fusion of art with jewelry and the royal patronage cherished over centuries. It is a special art of jewelry making which involves fusing intricately worked-out sheet gold on molten glass. It evolved in Pratapgarh district, Rajasthan.

Makrana Marble

Fig. Makrana Marble - has a high percentage of calcium and is therefore resistant to water seepage

Application Number :- 405

Applicant Name :- The Makrana RIICO Area Marble Association

Date of Filing :- 09/04/2013

Class :- 19

Goods :- Natural Goods

The Makrana Marble is a type of white marble, popular for use in sculpture and building decor. It is mined in the town of Makrana in Rajasthan, and was used in the construction of several iconic monuments such as the Taj Mahal in Agra and the Victoria Memorial in Kolkata. The Makrana Marble is listed as a Global Heritage Stone Resource by International Union of Geological Sciences. Upon mining, Makrana marble is not subjected to any form of treatment, but used in cutting and chiseling straight away.

Pokaran Pottery

Fig. Pokaran Pottery - each and every piece depicts a particular theme

Application Number :- 519

Applicant Name :- M/s. Kumbhkar Hasthkala Vikas Samiti

Date of Filing :- 19/01/2015

Class :- 21

Goods :- Handicraft

The Pokaran Pottery is a handicraft product produced in Pokaran city located in Jaisalmer district in the State of Rajasthan. Pokaran is surrounded by rocky, sandy and five salt ranges. The soil of Pokaran is viscous and light pink that makes it ideal for the pottery. It is the particular climate and soil of the area which distinguishes Pottery of Pokaran from other terracotta pottery. Various items crafted out of terracotta include hand-painted plant pots, large decorative vases, terracotta clay planters, handmade flower pots, statues, utility wares like cooking and serving pots, paraat, kulhars, chanti, gullak, tawa have a good market demand in rural as well as in the urban areas.

Sojat Mehndi

Fig. Sojat Mehndi - known for its entrancing, deep burnt-red stain

Application Number :- 628

Applicant Name :- Sojat Mehndi Kisan Samiti

Date of Filing :- 13/11/2018

Class :- 31

Goods :- Agricultural

The Sojat Mehendi originates from Mehendi leaves grown in Sojat. It is naturally cultivated using rainwater. Sojat tehsil of the Pali district in Rajasthan has a suitable geological structure, topography and drainage system, climate and soil for naturally cultivating the mehndi leave crop.