Incredible India Series - All Geographical Indications (GIs) from Madhya Pradesh

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“Invaluable treasures of incredible India” – the official tagline for all the Geographical Indications (GI) of India, exactly manifests in an allegorical way, the rich diversity and invaluable heritage of this incredible land !

Governed by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 a Geographical Indication (GI) is a sign associating a product of a specific geographical origin, by virtue of which it possesses unique attributes and qualities which are distinctly inherent to that particular product.

Geographical Indications (GIs) are considered as elements of IPRs with respect to Articles 1 (2) and 10 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. Further, Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement explicitly describe the nature, scope and ambit of the Geographical Indications to be adopted by the member states. India has adopted a sui generis system for the protection of geographical indications. As of 2021, a total of 417 products have been registered as GIs in India. Below is a review on all the registered GIs in the state of Madhya Pradesh.

Chanderi Sarees

Fig. Chanderi Sarees - famous for its fine texture and zari woven work

Application Number :- 7

Applicant Name :- Chanderi Development Foundation

Date of Filing :- 02/04/2004

Class :- 24

Goods :- Textile

The Chanderi Sarees are traditional saree made in Chanderi district of Madhya Pradesh. These are produced in three kinds of fabrics namely pure silk, Chanderi cotton and silk cotton. Traditional coins, floral print, peacocks and geometric patterns are popular motifs used for these sarees. The Chanderi fabric is known for its sheer texture, being lightweight and a glossy transparency which sets it apart from all other fabrics.

Leather Toys of Indore

Fig. Leather Toys of Indore - inspired by Taxidermy, the art of preserving animals in their original shape after being hunted

Application Number :- 97

Applicant Name :- Development Commissioner (Handicrafts)

Date of Filing :- 13/06/2007

Class :- 27 Goods :- Handicraft

The Leather toys from Indore, Madhya Pradesh are lifelike animal sculptures moulded and covered with leather skin and painted to give a realistic look. Craftsmen and their families in Indore, Madhya Pradesh have been practicing this art for decades now and are masters in creating miniatures to life size versions of all types of animals.

Bagh Prints of Madhya Pradesh

Fig. Bagh Prints of Madhya Pradesh - with a history of 1000 years

Application Number :- 98

Applicant Name :- Development Commissioner (Handicrafts)

Date of Filing :- 13/06/2007

Class :- 24

Goods :- Handicraft

Bagh printing in Madhya Pradesh is a specialised form of wooden hand-block printing, originally practised across the regions in the Indus Valley. The Khatri community of dyers of cloth lived along the Sindhu, or the Indus, because of their need for plenty of clear water to wash and prepare their textiles. A branch of the Khatris became settlers in the village of Bagh in Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh. Designs covered include sarees, salwar kameez, covers for cushion and tables, stoles, scarves etc.

Bell Metal Ware of Datia and Tikamgarh

Fig. Bell Metal Ware of Datia and Tikamgarh - has been practiced for over three centuries

Application Number :- 102

Applicant Name :- Development Commissioner (Handicrafts)

Date of Filing :- 05/07/2007

Class :- 6

Goods :- Handicraft

The Bell Metal Ware of Datia and Tikamgarh was initially catered to kings and soldiers for war weapons. The metal pieces are sculpted in the usual way and moulds are created to produce the objects. A mixture of industrial wax, groundnut oil and a binding resin is heated and used as the modeling material. Craftsmen have created indigenous tools to do customised designs and fine carvings. Craftsmen make toys, figures of animals, gods, and lamps which are sold in local as well as international markets. The craft not only radiates the creativity of the artists but also tells so much about the state with stories that are infused in every masterpiece.

Maheshwar Sarees & Fabric

Fig. Maheshwar Sarees & Fabric - its specialty is simplicity

Application Number :- 197

Applicant Name :- Maheshwar Hathkargha Vikas Samiti

Date of Filing :- 08/02/2010

Class :- 24 and 25

Goods :- Handicraft

Maheshwar is a city in Khargone district of Madhya Pradesh. THe Maheshwari Saree is a cotton and pure silk fabric woven with zari or brocade in varied designs. The Maheshwari saree has a special origin; it is traced by a queen who ruled over that territory. Maheshwari sarees are cotton and silk sarees. On the main part of the saree, it has checks, stripes, small butis or even a plain body. Some sarees have a reversible border, thus it can be worn either side.

Nagpur Orange

Fig. Nagpur Orange - scientifically called Citrus reticulata blanco

Application Number :- 385

Applicant Name :- Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Kirshi Vidyapeeth

Date of Filing :- 03/08/2012

Class :- 31

Goods :- Agriculture

Originating from the Nagpur region of Maharashtra and a few areas of Madhya Pradesh, the Nagpur orange has a pockmarked exterior and sweet and juicy pulp. It gives the city of Nagpur its pseudonym Orange City. The uniqueness lies in its flavour, which is a result of a unique acid-sugar blend that is not found in any other orange across the world.

Ratlami Sev

Fig. Ratlami Sev - discovered by the tribal community of Bhils

Application Number :- 434

Applicant Name :- Ratlami Sev Evam Namkeen Mandal

Date of Filing :- 16/08/2013

Class :- 30

Goods :- Food Stuffs

The famous Ratlami Sev is synonymous with Ratlam. What sets this savoury Ratlami sev apart from the rest is the addition of cloves, pepper and other spices during its preparation. The special spice blend makes it spicy and renders it a distinctive taste. Its crisp yet soft texture and potent taste is enhanced with carom seeds and its thickness distinguishes itself from other kinds of sev.

Jhabua Kadaknath Black Chicken Meat

Fig. Jhabua Kadaknath Black Chicken Meat - apart from its meat, its bones and most organs are also black

Application Number :- 378

Applicant Name :- Gramin Vikas Trust (Established and supported by KRIBHCO, Government of India)

Date of Filing :- 08/02/2012

Class :- 29

Goods :- Meat Product, Poultry & Poultry Meat

The Kadaknath or Kali Masi (flowl with black flash) is a unique breed of chicken that is completely black in colour. It is completely black with black plumage having greenish iridescence, black legs, beak, tongue, comb and wattles. Its black colour stems from deposition of melanin pigment. This breed of chicken is popular for its adaptability and flavourful good-tasting black meat, which is believed to have medicinal properties. It is native to the tribal districts of Jhabua, Alirajpur and parts of Dhar in Madhya Pradesh.

Balaghat Chinnor

Fig. Balaghat Chinnor - used in feasts, marriage celebrations and religious ceremonies

Application Number :- 663

Applicant Name :- Balaghat Chinnor Utpadak Sahkari Samiti Maryadit Balaghat

Date of Filing :- 03/10/2019

Class :- 30

Goods :- Agriculture

The production of Chinnor rice variety has been largely confined to Balaghat district which is located in the southern part of Jabalpur division occupying the eastern portion of the Satpura range and the upper valley of the Wainganga River. The age-old techniques, cropping situation and agro-climatic conditions of Balaghat district contributes greatly to its heady aroma, softness, physical traits and delicious taste. The cooked rice is sweet to taste, extremely fragrant, a little sticky with a soft texture and retains water even after 8 – 10 hours of cooking.

Mahoba Desawari Pan

Fig. Mahoba Desawari Pan - cultivated in a controlled environment in a conservatory called as Bareja

Application Number :- 401

Applicant Name :- Chaurasiya Samaj Sewa Samiti

Date of Filing :- 05/02/2013

Class :- 31

Goods :- Agriculture

The Mahoba Desawari Pan is grown largely in Mahoba district and parts of Chhatarpur district in Madhya Pradesh. The size of the leaf of Mahoba Desawari paan is larger than other varieties. The leaves have a unique aroma, lesser fibre with a mild bitterness and sweet taste. The leaves are completely chewable and just falls into pieces when slightly crushed. They are crisper, brighter in colour and have a glossy shine.